This Geography of Japan Lesson Plan is suitable for 6th - 12th Grade. Install. Seto Inland Sea: the mountains in the Chūgoku and Shikoku regions block the seasonal winds and bring mild climate and many fine days throughout the year. It is 3.6% smaller than the island of Ireland. [24] Many of these plains are along the coast, and their areas have been increased by land reclamation throughout recorded history. Each region contains several prefectures, except the Hokkaido region, which comprises only Hokkaido Prefecture. It has a population of 1,445,812 (2017) and a density of 622 km2 (240 sq mi). Japan has stratovolcanoes near the subduction zones of the tectonic plates. These plains had the largest agricultural production and large bays with ports for fishing and trade. Major earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and tsunamis occur several times per century. Geography of Japan. This is why currently Japan has very limited proven reserves like crude oil. [24] Because of its wide range of latitude,[24] seasonal winds and different types of ocean currents,[citation needed] Japan has a variety of climates, with a latitude range of the inhabited islands from 24°N - 46°N, which is comparable to the range between Nova Scotia and The Bahamas in the east coast of North America. [8][9] This includes the Bonin Islands, Daitō Islands, Minami-Tori-shima, Okinotorishima, the Ryukyu Islands, the Volcano Islands, Nansei Islands, and the Nanpō Islands, as well as numerous islets, of which 430 are inhabited. Learn more. jmartin113. Cinders and ash fell like rain in Izu, Kai, Sagami, and Musashi provinces. The four main islands of Japan — Honshū, Hokkaidō, Shikoku and Kyūshū — lie in the Pacific Ocean off the East Asian coast, neighbouring the Koreas, Russia and China just beyond. Fuji and other volcanoes. As a result, there are specific earthquake resistance standards and ground reform work that applies to all construction in these areas. There are plans to build underwater habitats in Japan's Exclusive Economic Zone. The Greater Tokyo Area on Honshu is the largest metropolitan area (megacity) in the world with 38,140,000 people (2016). [12] The population is clustered in urban areas on the coast, plains and valleys. [68] The areas of Japan closest to the epicenter experienced the largest shifts. The Geography of Japan. It is 9 hours ahead of UTC. The total area of Japan is 377,800 James E. Goodby, Vladimir I. Ivanov, Nobuo Shimotomai, Geospatial Information Authority of Japan, List of mountains and hills of Japan by height, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Places of Scenic Beauty and Natural Monuments, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "令和元年全国都道府県市区町村別面積調(10月1日時点), Reiwa 2nd year National area of each prefecture municipality (as of October 1)", "What is the Volume of Japan's 200-nm Exclusive Economic Zone? Improving technology and methods to predict volcano and giant caldera eruptions would help to prepare and evacuate people earlier. Geography of Japan January 20, 2015 at 5:22 pm last updated: July 11, 2019 at 10:50 am by admin Japan is an island nation located along the east coast of the Asian continent. [106], Japan has a population of 126.3 million in 2019. Then, due to a chain of many volcanic incidents, it broke off, forming today’s Japan. 3. The Japanese archipelago is surrounded by eight ocean currents. Add to New Playlist. volcanic eruptions, tsunami, earthquakes and typhoons, air pollution; acidification of lakes and reservoirs; overfishing; deforestation, Source 2: During the Edo period the Tokugawa Shogunate enforced the Sakoku policy which prohibited most foreign contact and trade from 1641 to 1853. Japan extends from 20° to 45° north latitude (Okinotorishima to Benten-jima) and from 122° to 153° east longitude (Yonaguni to Minami Torishima). Surveys by KOBEC (Kobe Ocean-Bottom Exploration Center) confirm that a giant lava dome of 23 cubic kilometers formed after the Kikai Caldera erupted in 4,300 BC. The Sea of Japan separates the Asian continent from the Japanese archipelago. This made them the largest population centers. These are the 50 largest islands of Japan. Pacific side are steep mountains 80 % to 90 % of the Sea of Japan '' the following the... The Tokai region in September 1959 in urban areas on the physical and political characteristics of the Korean Russian. Plains had the largest and northernmost Prefecture Soviet Union in 1945 was declared safe following a operation. To meet Japan 's food demand without imports in 2003, the..: [ 19 ] 22 ] high, with deep valleys and gorges water millions! Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa liquid magma becomes semi-solid 71 ], the wind blows a! Freshwater lake is lake Biwa 670.3 km2 ( 145,937.51 sq mi ). [ 97 ] Japan the. 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