The bloody battle took place in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France at the height of the First World War. In this form of warfare, soldiers faced the enemy across a narrow strip of land between the opposing trenches. Amid sleet, mud and shellfire, the soldiers of the Canadian Corps fought their way up the ridge to take the high ground overlooking the Douai plain. The “humped-backed” Ridge rises gently from the Scarpe River valley, almost imperceptibly, and gradually reaches its peak of 145 metres. Battles are not always fought with guns and blood, it can be a fight for different ideas, necessity and equality, which can be seen through Canada’s history. With Paul Gross, Craig Williams. Vimy Ridge was a key position on the Western Front. The Battle of Vimy Ridge proved to be a great success, but it only came at a heavy cost. After the initial German advances of the war, the battle on the Western Front quickly turned into a stalemate of trench fighting, with the front line zigzagging for nearly 1,000 kilometres from the coast of Belgium to the border of Switzerland. The allies capture Vimy Ridge from the Germans in World War I. More than a million shells rained down during what the Germans called the “Week of Suffering.” The early military aircraft of the day also played a role in the battle by sweeping enemy aircraft and observation balloons from the skies. The Battle Of Vimy Ridge was fought during the First World War as part of the initial phase of the Battle of Arras. At Vimy Ridge, regiments from coast to coast saw action together in a distinctly Canadian triumph, helping create a new and stronger sense of national identity in our country. The Canadian Corps was ordered to seize Vimy Ridge in April 1917. The Battle of Vimy Ridge began on Easter morning 1917. The northern part is steep and drops abruptly into the valley of the Souchez River. families, and caregivers and is provided at no cost. They need not have worried as the war would grind on for more than four years, killing as many as ten million combatants in fighting that would be revolutionized by high-explosive shells, powerful machine guns, poison gas, submarines and war planes. The Battle of Vimy Ridge began at 5:30 a.m. on Easter Monday, April 9, 1917. Yet the battle was strategically insignificant to the outcome of the war. 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Life for soldiers in the trenches was miserable. Models of the trench systems were built and the soldiers drilled on what they were to do. Canadian troops also earned a reputation as formidable, effective troops because of the stunning success. The Canadian infantrymen followed the line of explosions closely. The Battle of Vimy Ridge, during the First World War, is Canada's most celebrated military victory — an often mythologized symbol of the birth of Canadian national pride and awareness. Vimy Ridge is now owned by the Canadian Government, and the site is maintained as a memorial to the Canadian Forces who fought in the Great War. From there they could see the Allied trenches for miles in all directions. 1-800-268-7708, TDD/TTY: Learning Objectives. The Battle of Vimy Ridge was a military engagement fought primarily as part of the Battle of Arras, in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, during the First World War. Primary Documents - Philip Gibbs on the Battle of Vimy Ridge, April 1917 Reproduced below is the text of British war journalist Philip Gibbs' report detailing the Canadians' success in seizing the heights forming the German stronghold of Vimy Ridge on 9 April 1917. This allowed them to capture German positions in the critical moments after the barrage moved on to the next targets but before the enemy soldiers could emerge from the safety of their underground bunkers. The Canadians would be assaulting over an open graveyard since previous French attacks had failed with over 100,000 casualties. The Importance of The Battle of Vimy Ridge Only 47 years after the confederation of Canada, WWI, also known as The Great War, started. The dead and injured who fell in No Man’s Land often could not be recovered. The French offensive of 1917 (of which Vimy was intended as a tactical diversion) was a failure. He was killed on April 9, 1917 at the Battle of Vimy Ridge, when his unit was advancing up the slope of Hill 145 in the first wave of the assault. The Battle of Vimy Ridge was a military engagement fought as part of the Battle of Arras, in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, during the First World War.The main combatants were the Canadian Corps against three divisions of the German Sixth Army.The battle was part of the opening phase of the Battle of Arras, part Nivelle Offensive and took place from 9–12 April 1917. Extensive “mining” operations were undertaken in which the Allies dug tunnels beneath the German lines and set large caches of explosives to be detonated when the time for the attack came. In addition, no sustained Allied breakthrough followed either the assault on the ridge or the wider, British-led Battle of Arras of which Vimy was a part. Photo: Library and Archives Canada PA-004388. It stands as a tribute to all who served our country in the conflict and paid a price to help ensure the peace and freedom we enjoy today. Previous Allied assaults on Vimy Ridge in 1914 and 1915 had resulted in hundreds of thousands of casualties but had been largely unsuccessful. The Canadians would be assaulting over an open graveyard since previous French attacks had failed with over 100,000 casualties. The Battle of Vimy Ridge 918 Words | 4 Pages. The main combatants were the four divisions of the Canadian Corps in the First Army, against three divisions of the German 6th Army. In the four-day battle, 3,598 Canadians died and another 7,004 were wounded. Produced by Deanne Judson and Richard Nielsen. The Canadian operation was an important success, even if the larger British and French offensive, of which it had been a part, had failed. VAC A Y.M.C.A near the entrance to the Cobourg Subway at Vimy … It came about due to the political tensions and complex military alliances of the era. Four of our soldiers would earn the Victoria Cross, the highest medal for military valour, for separate actions in which they captured enemy machine gun positions. Battle of Vimy Ridge was the most glorious Canadian battle that deserves the recognition of "True origin of Canada" as it recognized and identified Canada as a fierce-fighting nation on international scene. To capture this difficult position, the Canadians would carefully plan and rehearse their attack. In 1922, the French government ceded to Canada in perpetuity Vimy Ridge, and the land surrounding it. Ross declared after the war, “in those few minutes I witnessed the birth of a nation.”. Although it was indeed a proud moment for our young Canadian army, this battle did not end the war. The Canadian infantry would be well supported when it went into battle with over 1,000 artillery pieces laying down withering, supportive fire. They were: Private William Milne, Lance-Sergeant Ellis Sifton, Captain Thain MacDowell and Private John Pattison. The Importance of The Battle of Vimy Ridge Only 47 years after the confederation of Canada, WWI, also known as The Great War, started. After a brief illness in France, Dusang spent time with the 16th Battalion (Canadian Scottish) at the Battle … The Canadians suffered about 11,000 casualties. New artillery tactics allowed the gunners to first target, then destroy enemy positions. They were often muddy and cold and had to live in the midst of pests like rats, lice and fleas. Canada’s military achievements during the war raised our international stature and helped earn us a separate signature on the Treaty of Versailles that formally ended the war. The Think Like a Historian series is a tool for educators and students to build skills to analyze and interpret primary sources. The some 100,000 Canadians who served there suffered more than 10,600 casualties, nearly 3,600 of which were fatal. Incredible bravery and discipline allowed the infantry to continue moving forward under heavy fire, even when their officers were killed.There were countless acts of sacrifice, as Canadians single-handedly charged machine-gun nests or forced the surrender of Germans in protective dugouts. Vimy Ridge is located about 5 miles north of Arras, near Lens, and is conveniently en route from the Channel ports if you are traveling to … Nicholson, Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1919: The Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War (Ottawa: Queen's Printer and Controller of Stationery, 1962), p. 262. Although British-led, it was fought mainly by the Canadian Corps. Most of the heavily defended ridge was captured by noon. The Battle of Vimy Ridge would be the first time all four divisions of the Canadian Corps fought together as one formation. In this series, we look at photographs, newspapers, and personal letters from the Battle of Vimy Ridge. At the outset of the First World War the Canadian Expeditionary Force was by and large formed out of newly created units in addition to the Regular Forces and Reserve units (Permanent Forces and the Militia in 1914 terminology). It was, at first, a conflict between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, but due to militarism, alliance, imperialism, and nationalism, this conflict turned into a global war. The Canadian infantrymen followed the line of explosions closely. This is what soldiers had to cross when they went “over the top” and launched an attack. Hilliard Rusteed Dusang 1897 – 1917 Killed while at Vimy Ridge. … Despite this training and preparation, the key to victory would be a devastating artillery barrage that would not only isolate enemy trenches, but provide a moving wall of high explosives and shrapnel to force the Germans to stay in their deep dugouts and away from their machine-guns. Some argue that the Battle of Vimy Ridge was instrumental in the creation of a Canadian identity. The heaviest shelling was spread over a week to avoid tipping off the Germans on exactly when the assault would begin. The gleaming white marble and haunting sculptures of the Vimy Memorial, unveiled in 1936, stand as a terrible and poignant reminder of the 11,285 Canadian soldiers killed in France who have no known graves. The Canada Remembers Program of Veterans Affairs Canada encourages all Canadians to learn about the sacrifices and achievements made by those who have served—and continue to serve—during times of war and peace. Directed by John Bradshaw. The battle at Vimy Ridge is a symbol of pride of to Canadians and it shows that Canadians did what others could not. This great monument is inscribed with the names of 11,285 Canadian soldiers who were listed as “missing, presumed dead” in France during the First World War. The ridge was located near the French town of Arras. The Canadian Corps was ordered to seize Vimy Ridge in April 1917. Vimy Ridge On April 19th, 1917, the battle of Vimy Ridge took place at the North Eastern France.Vimy Ridge was thought to be the best military position for the German against the British / France forces due to the highland advantages.Vimy Ridge is one of the most famous battles of World War I and a Canadian general, Arthur Currie, was the key of this victory. After the Battle of Vimy Ridge, Sir Arthur William Currie was appointed as the first Canadian commander of the Canadian Corps which was previously commanded by the British. About 30,000 Canadians fought at Vimy Ridge and claimed victory. It was a triumph — a major victory for the Allied side after a long, bloody stalemate — and a tragedy. But did it? For the first time all four Canadian divisions attacked together: men from all regions of  Canada were present at the battle. Vimy Ridge was a key position on the Western Front. PDF Version. The Battle of Vimy Ridge was one of the opening battles in a larger British campaign known as the Battle of Arras.It is also considered a seminal event in Canadian history for the primary role that nation's forces played in the attack.. Vimy, located in northern France, was one of the most heavily defended points on the entire Western Front and was thought to be an impregnable fortress. Tim Cook These same soldiers underwent weeks of training behind the lines using models to represent the battlefield, and new maps crafted from aerial photographs to guide their way. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in the summer of 1914 resulted in an international crisis and by August, the fighting had begun. The First World War was the largest conflict the world had ever seen up until that time. This allowed them to capture German pos… They also raided German positions to gather intelligence on enemy defences. Preparation for battle. On 9 April, 1917 they attacked again. Attacking together for the first time, the four Canadian divisions stormed the ridge at 5:30am on 9 April 1917. Assistance Service. 1-800-567-5803. The some 100,000 Canadians who served there suffered more than 10,600 casualties, nearly 3,600 of which were fatal. Three more days of costly battle delivered final victory. The Battle of Vimy Ridge was a World War I battle fought in 1917 near Arras in northern France. The planning and preparations for the battle were extensive. Students will explore the accurate and present day geography of Vimy Ridge; Students will choose either an artistic empathy project where they build A complete replica of The Canadian National Memorial on Vimy Ridge OR Replicate the 1917 battle field experience digging tunnels, trenches, terrain, craters, paths, obstacles and more for both sides of the battle. In October 1916, the Canadian Corps consisted of three Canadian Infantry Divisions. Nicholson, Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1919: The Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War (Ottawa: Queen's Printer and Controller of Stationery, 1962), p. 262. Veterans Affairs Canada. The Battle of Vimy Ridge was fought during the First World War from 9 to 12 April 1917. Taking place in France as part of a larger campaign against German forces, the Battle of Vimy Ridge was the first time in which all four divisions of the Canadian Corps would work together in one assault. This stunning victory followed years of failed attempts to retake the ridge, and months of planning and preparation for the operation. On Easter Monday, 1917, the Canadian Corps captured one of the most dominating geographic features on the Western Front. It was, at first, a conflict between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, but due to militarism, alliance, imperialism, and nationalism, this conflict turned into a global war. The Battle of Vimy Ridge CHC2D-04 Mr.Capretta Scott Bouwhuis Nov 6, 2018 Vimy Ridge was a very famous ridge in France where Canadians fought the Germans in 1917. The Battle of Vimy Ridge A review by Lillian Feden . Photo: Library and Archives Canada PA-001086, This publication is available upon request in alternate formats. The battle of vimy ridge By Graeme M. analysis evidence probably causes quite a bit of polution early version of tanks the gas emitions the trench tells its early in the war mid travel over trench easily able to pass over trenches ways to easily pass over trenches troops arent The Battle of Vimy Ridge Page Content Vimy Ridge, April 9–12, 1917 Source: Gerald W.L. James is buried in Givenchy Road Canadian Cemetery near Vimy, France and commemorated on the Cenotaph in Kenora and the Saskatchewan War Memorial in Regina. [Map] Situated in northern France, the heavily-fortified seven-kilometre ridge held a commanding view over the Allied lines. This was a pivotal point in Canadian history as Canada earned the respect from the British to command their own units, signifying Canada’s independency from Britain. Several times the Allies tried to take it from the Germans without success. Two Canadians in particular, along with British General Julian Byng, developed the plan to crack the German fortress at Vimy. Canadian soldiers advancing through the enemy barbed wire at Vimy Ridge. Battlefield: The Battle of Vimy Ridge A fifteen kilometer long barrier that has been the centre of war from the time of the Romans until to April 1917. It is Canada’s most celebrated military victory — an often mythologized symbol of the birth of Canadian national pride and awareness. By J.L. In the week leading up to the battle, Canadian and British artillery pounded the enemy positions on the ridge, killing and tormenting defenders. The ridge overlooked the Douai plain, with its coalfields, which had been in German hands since 1914. Please visit our website for rich and dynamic digital offerings throughout the closure. From the fall of 1914 until 1917 the German army held this eight kilometre-long ridge. Elaborate tunnel systems with train tracks, piped water, lights, and huge underground bunkers to stockpile supplies and arms were also established to aid the Canadians in the battle. The Battle of Vimy Ridge was a historic military engagement fought from April 9 to 12, 1917. Hill 145, the highest and most important feature of the Ridge, and where the Vimy monument now stands, was captured in a frontal bayonet charge against machine-gun positions. “Chaps, you shall go over exactly like a railroad train, on time, or you shall be annihilated,” warned Canadian Corps commander Sir Julian Byng. However, there were opportunities in Canadian history during the World War One that glorified Canada. Students will explore the accurate and present day geography The First World War opened with great enthusiasm and patriotism on the part of many Canadians, with tens of thousands rushing to join the military in the first months of the conflict so they would not miss the action. 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