In fact, he didn’t want to even be there. The First Lady complained that not only was the White House largely unfurnished, she was forced to improvise housekeeping duties and would hang laundry to dry in the East Room. Adams Street was once home to three presidents and several prominent historical figures. President John Adams, the second President of the United States, occupied this same house from 1797 until 1800 when he moved to Washington, the new capital of the United States. John Adams and Thomas Jefferson: When John Adams’ vice president, Thomas Jefferson, defeated him in his bid for a second term in the newly constructed Executive Mansion (as the White House was then known), Adams was humiliated and upset. We travel back in time to John Adams home, as well as the Forbes family home, along Adams Street in … We now know that house as the White House. He never left Quincy again. Construction began in 1792, but it was not until November 1, 1800 that John Adams moved into the executive mansion. He decided he wanted nothing to do with Jefferson’s inauguration. However, President Adams lived at a temporary residence during construction on the President’s Mansion, also known as the President’s House. For nearly ten years, therefore, the Presidential Mansion occupied a position of paramount importance in national life. He was on his way home to Quincy when Thomas Jefferson took the oath of office in 1801. The People's House: Although John Adams was the first to occupy the Executive Mansion in November 1800, it was Thomas Jefferson who first celebrated the Fourth of July at the White House in 1801. Jefferson opened the house and greeted diplomats, civil and military officers, citizens, and Cherokee chiefs in the oval saloon (today’s Blue Room). For nearly a decade, the Philadelphia mansion served as the seat of the executive branch of the federal government, housed the public and private offices of the President, and was the site of the official entertaining of the nation. John Adams, the country’s second president (1797–1801), moved into the still unfinished presidential mansion on November 1 and the next night wrote in a letter to his wife, Abigail Adams: Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. John Adams occupied it from March 1797 to June 1800, then became the first President to occupy The White House. John and Abigail Adams moved into a handful of rooms in the still-unfinished executive mansion on Nov. 1, 1800, just a few months before he left office. The nation's second president, John Adams, was the first sitting president to lose a re-election bid. Before dawn on the morning of March 4, John Adams left the executive mansion and began the arduous two-week journey home by stagecoach and boat. When Jefferson ousted Adams from the presidency in the election of 1800, Adams was forced to pack his bags and vacate the newly constructed Executive Mansion after just a few months.

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