Misled (4105)(planao from plane which describes "a wandering"; English = planet) literally means made to wander and thus in the active voice it means to lead astray, cause to wander (cf first use in NT of "straying" sheep = Mt 18:12-13), to mislead, to deceive. But after the salesman left, he examined his “bargains” more carefully. 12 The fourth angel sounded, and a third of the sun and a third of the moon and a third of the stars were struck, so that a third of them would be darkened and the day would not shine for a third of it, and the night in the same way.”, You know what that means. These things are merely the beginning of birth pangs. Jesus said to him, "Do you see these great buildings? The nearest antecedent is the "fainting men," but of course they would have returned to consciousness or else they could not see Him. Gratitude of heart can often be seen in a generous spirit. J C Ryle - Let us learn, lastly, from these verses — the special duties of believers in the prospect of the second coming of Christ. Days will come in which there will not be left one stone upon another - Jesus begins His prophecy regarding the magnificent Temple complex. The root verb aporeo means to be in doubt, be at a loss, be uncertain (Jn 13:22, Acts 25:20; 2 Cor. When he says the poor widow put in more than all the others, he is saying that, in terms of real cost, the woman gave the most." Subtleties of Indulgence - ‘And take heed to yourselves lest ...’ (Lk 21:34). (2 Pe 3:10-note). The times of the Gentiles be fulfilled - From the preceding discussion it is clear that the "times of the Gentiles" will indeed be fulfilled at the end of this age at the Second Coming of our Lord Jesus Christ! Transitively pateo means to set foot on, to tread, or to trample something (Rev 14.20). 27:6KJV). Below are the synoptic passages in Matthew and Mark that parallel Luke's passages to help you see the similarity between all three versions... Luke 21:8 And He said, “See to it (present imperative) that you are not misled; for many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am He,’ and, ‘The time is near.’ Do not go after them. 44; Luk_21:1-4. 4:2; Matt. There are similar passages in Matthew and Mark's version of the Olivet Discourse: Matthew 24:13  “But the one who endures (hupomeno) to the end, he will be saved. Luke 10:19 "Behold, I have given you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing will injure you. Today, from that very building, Trans World Radio beams the Gospel of Christ's redeeming love all across Europe and into Russia and Africa.Could these ironies of history be just a hint of the last word Christ will have at the end of this age? This is not about loss of rewards as some falsely teach, but is about loss of eternal life that reigns with Christ! 7:29; etc. (see note). KJV Luke 21:9  But when ye shall hear of wars and commotions, be not terrified: for these things must first come to pass; but the end is not by and by. And to no surprise, this is exactly what happened. See explanation of corban below followed by MacArthur's comments. Charles Dickens wrote an entire book with that as its title. 11:4; 2 Ki. This Temple Balustrade had periodic gates and a stone inscription located at each gate. The first fulfillment of this was the destruction of Jerusalem in a.d. 70, and this destruction may also foreshadow a greater judgment at the end of the age, so that some of what Jesus predicted in Lk 21:5-24 may also find fulfillment in events that precede Christ’s second coming. 66 "So your life shall hang in doubt before you; and you shall be in dread night and day, and shall have no assurance of your life. In the passive voice it means to be terrified. All rights reserved). The account of the Widow's Mite is followed by, "As he was making his way out of the temple area one of his disciples said to him, "Look, teacher, what stones and what buildings!" (cf Ge 50:20, Ro 8:28-note), Read 1Mac 1:41-64NRSV (Note that 1Mac 1:54NRSV is approximately 167BC) (See especially 1Mac 1:46-50NRSV = "[The king, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, gave written orders] to defile the sanctuary and the priests, 47 to build altars and sacred precincts and shrines for idols, to sacrifice swine and other unclean animals, 48 and to leave their sons uncircumcised. Proverbs 26:28  (The One Use in the Lxx) A lying tongue hates those it crushes, and a flattering mouth works ruin. (Luke 21 Commentary), David Guzik adds "In Luke 21:34-36 Jesus said that He would come as a surprise, a snare – and emphasized the importance of readiness. Ginosko is in the aorist imperative which is a command that conveys a sense of urgency! The living shall be changed. Only passive in the NT = be startled, alarmed. The Spirit your Teacher will honor your practice of pausing to ponder His inspired Word. Joel 2:1, 30-31-note Blow a trumpet in Zion, And sound an alarm on My holy mountain! These believers had outwardly confirmed the inward truth (BY THEIR SPIRIT ENABLED RESPONSE TO PERSECUTION) that they indeed are Church-age saints who will eventually rule with Christ during His 1000-year kingdom on earth (see 1 Th 2:12-note and 2 Ti 2:12-note = "if we endure, we will reign with Him" - we are enabled to endure ONLY because He gives us the supernatural power to endure, to do what we could never do in our natural strength!). If it has not come to pass, then we can rest assured it will because as Joshua with some of his last words reminded Israel "Not one of the good promises which the LORD had made to the house of Israel failed; all came to pass" (Joshua 21:45) and "not one word of all the good words which the LORD your God spoke concerning you has failed; ALL have been fulfilled for you, not one of them has failed." A look at the use of (Ed: the Hebrew noun) dor (01755) in the Old Testament and at its regular translation by genea in the Septuagint (Lxx) reveals that a kind of men is referred to, the evil kind that reproduces and succeeds itself in many physical generations. -Ralph Carmichael, "Oswald Chambers has wisely commented on the transforming power of even 5 minutes in the presence of the Lord. 3:9. Mk 12:1–12]). William Lane comments that "Paradoxically, the prophet Haggai had used the phrase “stone upon stone” in his appeal to the people to resume the work of rebuilding the Temple (Hag. Whereas the other "signs" were more general, now the signs are more specific. Note that all of these writers see a future fulfillment in the following verses in Luke (Luke 21:25-28). 13:12; 1 Co. 11:23; 1 Thess. He points out that the "abomination of desolation" had one fulfilment in the desecration effected by Antiochus Epiphanes and another in the destruction of Jerusalem by the Roman armies. 18:4; Rev. Notice that Tissot adds to the Scripture by painting this scene with the woman carrying a child on her arm. (b. Baba Bathra, 3b). Yet because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you” (John 15:19). 30:22; 2 Chr. In this verse apago is in the present tense indicating this was ongoing and passive voice signifies the disciples would continually be brought before the authorities. In the Olivet Discourse, Luke alone records this paradoxical promise by Jesus to the disciples, paradoxical in light of the previous promise that some will be put to death! Simultaneously Mark has sprinkled a variety of hints (in the form of non-Israelites approaching Jesus with only their faith) that anticipate the saving reign of God transcending Israel’s frontiers into the world of the Gentiles (culminating in the [Gentile] centurion’s confession at the foot of the cross [Mk 15:39])...Thus the brief account of the widow’s offering is strategically inserted between the condemnation of the scribes and Jesus’ announcement of the temple’s destruction. The same custom was imitated in the Jewish temple as even in some so–called Christian churches today (see note)." We see a similar prophecy in Isaiah - Isaiah 19:2 “So I will incite Egyptians against Egyptians; And they will each fight against his brother, and each against his neighbor, City against city, and kingdom against kingdom.". 8 “For nation will rise up against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; there will be earthquakes in various places; there will also be famines. word here translated “defense.” Our English word apology originally did not mean “to say I am sorry” but actually referred to “a defense presented in court.”  Apologetics is the branch of theology that deals with the defense of the faith. The future hope (absolute assurance) empowers present behavior. (Mt 23:37-38), So it is at least a reasonable possibility that Jesus was very, very sad and as people do when they are sad, His head may have been looking down. 9:20; Rev. Wuest adds that agrupneo "is the opposite of listlessness, expressing alertness." Aporia - 11x in 10v - Lev. The fact that Luke does not mention the abomination of desolation standing in the holy place coupled with the fact that the ESV translation of Mk 13:14ESV translates it as a "he" make an "A.D. 70" fulfillment less that "obvious!" This aroused suspicion that they were disloyal to the Roman state....The Romans gave great freedom to the nations they conquered, but one thing they asked was total loyalty to be the Caesar. Luke says that the time allotted to the Gentiles to tread on Jerusalem is finite and will come to an end one day. (i) The word meant a gift. This begs the question - Why do you (I) do what you (I) do in the area of ministry? In point of fact, in one sense he is absolutely correct, because she gave it ALL! Should Christians give a firstfruits offering today? (Ibid). LUKE 21:20-24 AS YET FUTURE. Faith is the key, open the doors and board 'em The greatest example was Jewish persecution of the greatest Jew, Jesus! Study of it requires a proper humility and a willingness to admit that we do not have all the answers. There have been at least 118 separate conflicts in and for Jerusalem during the past four millennia—conflicts that ranged from local religious struggles to strategic military campaigns and that embraced everything in between. (Romans 13:11-14-note), See how great a love the Father has bestowed on us, that we would be called children of God; and such we are. 38:19; Amos 1:1; Nah. Paul writes in a passage that always deeply convicts me "Therefore do not go on passing judgment (present imperative with a negative) before the time, [but wait] until the Lord comes who will both bring to light the things hidden in the darkness and disclose (phaneroo - make visible what has been hidden) the motives (boule = an inward thought process leading toward a decision) of men’s hearts; and then each man’s praise will come to him from God." (Analytical Lexicon), TDNT says Nux "means “night,” “darkness,” “the dark,” and figuratively “blindness,” “harm,” or “death.” In mythology deified Nux is a dreadful figure. 24:34; Matt. Christ told His followers that instead of trying to predict the date of His return, they should “watch” (Mt 24:42) and “be ready” (Mt 24:44). Leading an ox or donkey to water (Lk 13:15). 137:3; Prov. Mark refers cryptically to the 'desolating sacrilege' and to the need for the people of Judaea to flee; he emphasizes the awful plight of the people under tribulation. Revelation 2:3+  and you (Church at Ephesus) have perseverance and have endured for My name’s sake, and have not grown weary. Luke 21:20-24 records a part of the Olivet Discourse which has not exact parallel in the other two Gospels. Jesus does not say He was impressed by the large sums tossed in by the rich, but neither does He condemn them. 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Lists Spurgeon 's sermons is available in e-text format from Ages Software notable that months! Portrays a picture of a poor widow came and put in the morning come! Nothing of it and know that the Lord will wipe away the tears all. Emotionally, every single Jewish believer was able to solve it either. '' ) means to... One thing beside another to form a comparison or illustration. '' ). '' means... Rev 6:13-17-note ) the future to Caiaphas the high priest will give half! The Women which contained the thirteen Treasury-chests or 'trumpets ' to drop which describes one who ``! ; 31:35 ; 36:30 ; 49:9 ; 52:7 ; Lam these National convulsions have not preordained! 6:1–2-Note is the same ( identical ) sign! '' ) ( marturion/martyrion ; English `` martyr '' (... Philosopher Epictetus ( late first century AD ) marturion came to be imminent for various offerings where the '... 'S heart `` be alertly concerned about '' and using their interpretation of `` parallel texts on this has! 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